Plumbing Setbacks

Know Your Plumbing Valves And How To Maintain Them

Any homeowner wanting to maintain their home’s plumbing system should have a basic understanding of the shut-off valves and their purpose. Water valves in pipes and fittings are used to control water pressure and temperature. The valves maintain a steady flow and volume when correctly placed and operated. Valves regulating water flow are made from various materials, including brass, stainless steel, plastic, cast iron, and galvanized pipe. This post will walk you through the various water valves and their basic functions.

Ball valves can last eight to ten years, after which they may stop working. In addition, corrosion in or around a ball valve might eventually cause the valve to fail. All valves need some minor lubrication so they don’t freeze up if you decide to close them.

Ball Valves

A ball valve is a type of valve used to control the flow of liquids or gases. It consists of a spherical ball with a hole through the middle that can rotate to allow or restrict the flow of fluid. The ball is usually made of brass, stainless steel, or other materials resistant to corrosion and wear. Ball valves commonly get used in residential and commercial plumbing systems, as well as in industrial applications. For example, they are typically used in the home to control water flow through pipes, such as those in a hot water heating system or the main water supply line.

Ball valves are popular in home plumbing because they are reliable, durable, and easy to operate. In addition, they provide a tight seal and are less likely to leak like other types of plumbing valves. They can also be used in gas lines, providing a quick and reliable way to shut off the gas supply in case of an emergency. Overall, ball valves are a versatile and essential component of many plumbing and gas systems.

Ball Valve

Butterfly Valve

A butterfly valve consists of a disc-shaped valve body with a rotating shaft that passes through the center of the disc. When the valve is fully open, the disc is parallel to the flow of the fluid. Likewise, the disc is perpendicular to the water flow when the valve is closed. Butterfly valves commonly get used in HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) systems and as shut-off valves in industrial processes. They also get used in some residential plumbing systems, such as pool and spa applications, where they can control water flow.

Butterfly valves offer several advantages over other types of plumbing valves. They are lightweight, compact, and easy to install, making them a popular choice in many applications. They also have a low-pressure drop, meaning they do not significantly restrict water flow through the pipe. This makes them an energy-efficient option for systems that require a large volume of water to be transported over long distances. As a result, butterfly valves are a reliable and efficient component of many plumbing and industrial systems.

Faucet Valves

A faucet valve, also known as a tap valve, controls water flow to your faucets. It is typically located inside the handle of the faucet and is activated by turning the handle to open or close the valve.

Faucet valves get used in various plumbing fixtures in the home, including kitchen and bathroom sinks, bathtubs, and shower faucets. They are essential for controlling water flow and regulating the water temperature in these fixtures.

There are several types of faucet valves, including compression, ball, cartridge, and ceramic disc valves. Each type of valve has unique advantages and disadvantages in terms of durability, reliability, and ease of maintenance. Generally, faucet valves are designed to provide a tight seal and prevent leaks. However, over time, they can become worn or damaged, leading to leaks and other plumbing problems. Regular maintenance, such as cleaning and lubricating the valves, can help extend their lifespan and ensure they continue to function properly.

Pressure Relief Valve

A pressure relief valve is a safety device designed to protect plumbing systems and appliances from damage caused by excess pressure. Also known as pressure-lowering valves, they are used in plumbing systems to reduce the water pressure below a preset threshold. This kind of pressure regulator may be necessary for houses that get their water from a municipal source, which often has a higher pressure than what is safe for plumbing and appliances. In many areas, a pressure relief valve is the law. If a pressure relief valve fails or malfunctions, it should get replaced as soon as possible to prevent damage to the plumbing system. Need a licensed plumbing contractor? We’re an A+ rated contractor #986152, check us out here!

Supply Stop Valve

A supply stop valve controls the flow of water to a plumbing fixture or appliance, such as a sink, toilet, or washing machine. It is typically located near the fixture or appliance to allow or restrict the flow of water. Supply stop valves come in various types and configurations, including compression, ball, and cartridge valves. Some may also include features such as integral check valves or backflow preventers, which help prevent water supply contamination.

Supply stop valves are important for many reasons. They allow for easy maintenance and repair of plumbing fixtures and appliances by shutting the water supply locally. They also provide a convenient way to turn off the water in case of an emergency before flooding occurs. It is important to note that supply stop valves can wear out over time and may need to get replaced periodically. Regular inspection and maintenance can help ensure they function properly and prevent problems such as leaks or water damage.

Washing Machine Valve

A washing machine valve, also known as a laundry valve or a clothes washer valve, is a type of supply stop valve specifically designed for use with washing machines. It is typically located near the washing machine and is responsible for controlling the water flow to the machine. Washing machine valves are often designed with a dual outlet, supplying hot and cold water to the washing machine. This is important because many washing machines require both hot and cold water to operate properly.

Washing machines typically use a ball or gate valve, which is durable and can handle the high water pressure and flow rates typically associated with washing machines. Water supply stop valves are important for the maintenance and repair of washing machines. They also work well for shutting off the water supply in case of an emergency. Therefore, they should be inspected regularly to ensure they function properly and get replaced if damaged or worn out.

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